2 edition of Note on the intensification of animal production in the Near East Region found in the catalog.
Note on the intensification of animal production in the Near East Region
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Animal Production and Health Commission for the Near East.
by Information Service of the Commission"s Bureau, Publications Service AN-HP, FAO Near East Regional Office in Cairo
Written in English
|Statement||Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Animal Production and Health Commission for the Near East.|
|LC Classifications||SF55.N24 F66 1972|
|The Physical Object|
|LC Control Number||76351348|
From to , deforestation in the Amazon frontier state of Mato Grosso decreased to 30% of its historical average (–) whereas agricultural production reached an all-time high. This study combines satellite data with government deforestation and production statistics to assess land-use transitions and potential market and policy drivers associated with these :// Given that conversion efficiency of plant to animal matter conversion is in the region of 10% (Godfray et al., ), and that about a third of the world’s cereal production is fed to animals, a reduction in the livestock product consumption could greatly reduce the need for sustainable intensification, through reduced ://
Subsistence intensification — the extraction of increased amounts of energy from a given area at the expense of foraging efficiency — figures prominently in discussions of the Epipaleolithic The Office de la Haute Vallée du Fleuve Niger (OHVN) zone in southern Mali is a small but important agricultural production region. Against a background of environmental degradation including
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While intensification of livestock production provides more land resources to expand crop The share of soybean meal has decreased in this region.
Note that the EU is a large producer of oilseed meals but its share in global production has decreased from % in to only % in This means that some regions will become more FOR THE NEAR EAST Thirty-third Session Rome, Italy, 9 13 May Livestock Contribution to Food Security in the Near East and North Africa EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Livestock plays an important role in food security and nutrition as well as the economies of countries in the Near East and North Africa (NENA) region, supporting rural livelihoods The development of livestock production systems in the Andean region: implications for smallholder producers.
In Animal production and animal science worldwide: A Review on Developments and Research in Livestock Systems, World Association of Animal Production, Book of the Year (ed. A Rosati, A Tewolde, C Mosconi), pp.
– Declining mobility levels since the Terminal Pleistocene contributed to fundamental changes in demography, health and disease, and social organization among many human populations (1 –6).The Neolithic Demographic Transition, characterized by increased fertility, population size, and density, may be partially attributable to decreased energy expenditure associated with greater sedentism (2, 7).
Infectious diseases are emerging globally at an unprecedented rate while global food demand is projected to increase sharply by Here, we synthesize the pathways by which projected In the Near East and North Africa, the contribution of animal products to the relatively high calorie consumption is small, just percent in / The contribution of animal products (primarily poultry meat and milk) to total calorie intake will increase to percent by In south-east Asia, palm oil production has displaced both food production and natural forest systems (Wicke, ; Obidzinski et al., ; Lee, ).
Many local drivers of conflict relate to control over land and other resources required for livelihoods (Alinovi et al., ). These factors drive the conversion of some non-agricultural land Technological and socio-economic changes, including urbanization, and the impact upon animal production in Asia.
Animal production and rural development. Proceedings of the Sixth AAAP Animal Science Congress. Vol. 1: Bangkok.
Devendra, C. Mixed farming and intensification of animal production systems in Note: Landless systems have not been included in this Table. The proportion of poor in each system is the number of poor people in proportion to the total population in each system. Table 2. Numbers (millions) of poor livestock keepers by livestock-production system (LID, ) The CGIAR Research Program on Integrated Systems for the Humid Tropics (Humidtropics) was an agricultural research for development program that aimed for sustainable intensification of agricultural systems to improve the livelihoods of farm households.
The Central Mekong Action Area was primarily focused on the complex of rice and non-rice farming systems (plus areas with other Per capita intake of energy derived from livestock products by region, – Note: Livestock products include meat, eggs and milk and dairy products (excluding butter).
Source: FAO, b. 61 63 65 67 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 85 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 01 03 05 East and Southeast Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Near East and North Livestock is commonly defined as domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce labor and commodities such as meat, eggs, milk, fur, leather, and term is sometimes used to refer solely to those that are bred for consumption, while other times it refers only to farmed ruminants, such as cattle and goats.
Horses are considered livestock in the United :// Total meat production in the developing world tripled between andfrom 45 to million tons (World Bank ).
Much of this growth was concentrated in countries that experienced rapid economic growth, particularly in East Asia, and revolved around poultry and :// Sustainable intensification not only improves the productivity of tropical forage-based systems but also reduces the ecological footprint of livestock production and generates a diversity of As is the case with animal domestication in the Near East, the leading edge of plant domestication in the region is now recognized as an extended process (24, 25).
Evidence from multiple locations point to a prolonged period of human manipulation of morphologically wild, but possibly cultivated, plants which, in certain species, resulted in the The East Asia region is home to more than half the world s stock of pigs and more than one-third of the world s poultry a population that is expected to grow rapidly over the next decades.
As a result, about 26 percent of the total area in East Asia suffers from significant nutrient surpluses, mainly Because food sovereignty should be a target for each country, an increase in animal productivity can be an objective; however, this is often difficult to achieve because of environmental, social, and economic constraints.
For the same region, total water uses for beef depend greatly on the production :// Theoretical Framework. TAC states that processes in human and environmental systems are interlinked at different spatial/temporal scales of operation and modeled as adaptive cycles (12 ⇓ –14).The cycles move dynamically through four phases (r, K, Ω, and α); r-phase is defined as growth or exploitation, with trends to cultural conservatism and eventual high interconnectivity of the Domestication, from the Latin domesticus, 'belonging to the house', is "a sustained multi-generational, mutualistic relationship in which one organism assumes a significant degree of influence over the reproduction and care of another organism in order to secure a more predictable supply of a resource of interest, and through which the partner organism gains advantage over individuals that The production of animal calories requires a substantial volume of plant calories, water, and energy.
In addition, breeding ruminants generates greenhouse gases directly or indirectly (e.g., through animal fodder, processing, and transport).
This last component is increasing with the intensification of ://. Animal manures are a valuable source of nutrients for crops and grasslands. However, global intensification of animal production concentrates manure within smaller areas, creating nutrient hot spots.
In contrast, nutrient deficits often develop in areas with limited animal production that could benefit from manure ://The past decade has witnessed a quantum leap in our understanding of the origins, diffusion, and impact of early agriculture in the Mediterranean Basin.
In large measure these advances are attributable to new methods for documenting domestication in plants and animals.
The initial steps toward plant and animal domestication in the Eastern Mediterranean can now be pushed back to the 12th [J ] A Khmer language video (right) on the work of Yang Saing Koma, founder of the Cambodian NGO CEDAC and the first person to test and promote SRI in Cambodia, was released on Jon the YouTube's khmer kakasekar channel.
(The minute video, which was shown on Cambodian TV, was released in December on the Kimsarn Ps channel.)